French Bulldog vs. English Bulldog – Which Is Right for You?

A wrinkled, jowly face, short neck, stocky legs, and an underbite.

All these are the shared genetic features of the undeniably cuddly and cute French and English bulldogs. Both are among the most popular breeds in the US, and although they share similar features, there are considerable differences. 

If you’re curious about these differences and want to know which one is right for you, read on! 

Listed below are the differences and similarities between these two brawny little powerhouse breeds.

French Bulldog vs. English Bulldog: A Quick Breed Comparison

Black and white French bulldog puppy

French bulldog


French Bulldog

English Bulldog

Average height (adult)

11-13 inches at the shoulder

14-15 inches at the shoulder

Average weight (adult)

16-28 pounds, regardless of gender

18-23 kg for female and 23-25kg for male

Coat/color type

Short, fine, smooth

Color: Brindle, white, cream, fawn

Sheds and not hypoallergenic

Short, fine, slightly rough

Color: Gray, brindle, red, fawn, white

Sheds and not hypoallergenic

Grooming needs

Moderate shedders,

Requires regular bathing (especially wrinkles on the face) and little grooming.

Moderate shedders,

Requires regular bathing (especially wrinkles on the face) and little grooming.

Energy level

Low to moderate



Alert, athletic, bright, easygoing, sweet, gentle

Friendly, confident, sociable, aggressive

Health and Care

Low health rating vs. other dog breeds; breathing as the biggest issue

Low health rating vs. other dog breeds; breathing as the biggest issue

Nutrition Needs

1 and ½ cups of food per day

2 cups of food per day


Easy to train

Difficult to train


10 to 12 years 

8 to 10 years

Cost (puppy)

$1,500 to $4,500

$1,500 to $3,000

The English bulldog is also known as the classic bulldog while the French bulldog is altered. Some find the French bulldog (also called a Frenchie) to be the prettier version of the classic bulldog because they have more delicate features.

English bulldogs are purebred dogs registered with the American Kennel Club.

French and English Bulldogs: In-Depth Breed Comparison

Chubby english bulldog puppy

English bulldog


1. Breed History

As their name suggests, French and English bulldogs share a common ancestry.

Bulldogs have their origin in the British Isles. Around the 1500s, they were bred for bull baiting sport. Thus, the name “bull.” At that time, the dogs were trained to “play low,” wherein they kept their head close to the ground to avoid being caught by the sharp tips of the bull’s horns. 

To survive the cruel sport, the dogs needed tremendous power. So, the breed was selected because of their distinct features: wide lower jaw and short muzzle.

The original bulldogs had to be courageous, ferocious, and almost insensitive to pain. Thankfully, bull baiting was later made illegal by the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1835. 

Some considered bulldogs useless after the passage of that legislation, but several dog lovers preserved the breed and eliminated their aggressive streak. After a few generations, the bulldog was bred to be a fine domesticated companion.

The cross-breeding of original bulldogs with terriers, pugs, and other small dogs to reduce their size, led to the birth of French and English bulldogs. Their historical journey separated when breeders in England sent some bulldogs to France.

Today’s bulldogs are different in temperament and appearance than the early version of the breed. Modern French and English bulldogs are affectionate, stable, and gentle. 

While they are capable of great power and are courageous, they are also loyal and get along with others, especially kids.

See the article - Are French Bulldogs aggressive? to see if they’re a good fit for your family.

2. Appearance

Black french bulldog puppy

French bulldog


The English bulldog has a meatier and wider head held by a sturdy and strong neck. On the other hand, the French bulldog has a much smaller head held by a longer and thinner neck.

The English bulldogs have eyes that are slightly smaller and set wider apart, while the French bulldogs have rounder eyes.

The skin and ears are the most notable difference between the two breeds. English bulldogs have folded-rose-shaped ears, while French bulldogs have erect and tall ears resembling a bat.

The English bulldog’s skin is soft and loose around the head, neck, and shoulders, while the head is covered with heavy wrinkles. It has a short, smooth coat that is glossy and fine.

Meanwhile, the French bulldog has much tighter skin with fewer folds situated above the muzzle between the eyes and the nose. Both breeds have a curly tail like a pig, although they may occasionally have a corkscrew tail.


Another notable difference between a French and English bulldog is their size.  The English bulldog has a square stature, while the French bulldog is slightly in proportion.

The standard size for French bulldogs is

  • Weight: 16-28 pounds, regardless of gender
  • Height: 11-13 inches at the shoulder

The standard size for English bulldogs is:

  • Weight: 18-23 kg for females and 23-25kg for male
  • Height: 14-15 inches at the shoulder
Color/ Coat Type

White, fawn, and cream are the most common hues for Frenchies. They also have black masks and bindle markings. In contrast, fawn, white, and brindle are the common hues for English bulldogs, though they can also be red or gray.

3. Energy Level

British Bulldog


Frenchies have higher energy levels than English bulldogs. Both of them have flat faces, so it’s not recommended that they exercise much outdoors in humidity and heat. They likewise don’t make good running partners.

Still, both breeds need regular exercise, especially the English bulldog, which is prone to obesity. Remember that excessive weight can shorten a canine’s life span.

Help your bulldog stay healthy by walking them for 20 to 30 minutes per day. Choose a great dog leash or harness set that won’t get tangled and is built to last for years.

4. Temperament


The adjectives that are usually used to describe English bulldogs include amiable, calm, courageous, and laid-back. They make loving cuddle companions and their personality ranges from clownish to dignified.

In contrast, the adjectives used to describe French bulldogs includes adaptable, intelligent, playful, and alert. They are often more energetic.

5. Health Care

Unfortunately, English and French bulldogs are two of the least healthy canine breeds. Both are prone to the same expensive health issues. 

And the most important health issue that dog owners need to be aware of is Brachycephalic Syndrome. This refers to the combination of abnormalities caused by their poor respiratory structure and flat faces.

Be sure to monitor them during warm days. Make sure they’re in an airy or cool space and are well-hydrated. 

Their breathing trouble likewise means that they are not the best airline companions. If you’re planning to travel with your French or English bulldog, consider taking road trips instead. Their breathing issues put them at risk of asphyxiation if they’re in the cargo hold.

Both breeds are also prone to the cherry eye. And because they have rounded shape and heavy weight, they’re at risk of hip dysplasia.


The best diet for both breeds is high in natural proteins without extra fillers, like corn, wheat, and soy. It must likewise have enough carbs (vegetables, fruit, and healthy grains) and fats to cover its daily macro nutritional requirements. 

French bulldogs consume around 1 and ½ cups of food daily, while English bulldogs around two cups of food a day.

When bulldogs can’t digest their food properly, it may lead to digestive issues. Which, in turn, can cause nutritional deficiencies. They may also need special diets, medication, or surgery to remove the chronic health issues caused by their shortened skull.

Just as nutrition is important for you and your children, it’s the same for dogs. They should be provided with the right amount and type of food.


Their short coats require little grooming and they are moderate shedders. Yet, the wrinkles on the face need to be cleaned regularly.

Neglecting wrinkle care in French or English bulldogs may lead to uncomfortable skin infections or conditions. Don’t worry. There are tricks for cleaning bulldog wrinkles. A simple wipe using a soft cloth dipped in warm water often does the trick.

If you see more grime or dirt than usual and it doesn’t come off easily, you can use your dog’s shampoo or regular soap to clean the wrinkles thoroughly.

6. Trainability

Adult English bulldog


French and English bulldogs are easy to exercise with indoor playtime, thanks to their small size.

However, the Frenchies are much easier to train than the English bulldog. This is because the IQ of French bulldogs is slightly higher than that of English bulldogs, although average compared to other dog breeds.

Learning tricks may not be their strong suit.

Living With a Bulldog 

Both French and English bulldogs make fine apartment pets and do not need a yard. They are very good choices for people living in busy cities. They bark very little, love to be in close quarters with their owners, and are kind-hearted dogs.

These dogs can tolerate other pets at home, although they are territorial and may guard their territory aggressively. A common issue you’ll have to deal with them is separation anxiety as they bond strongly to their owners.

They thrive best in temperate climates. Moreover, they sometimes have trouble breathing and readily overheat in hot weather. Yet, they chill easily during winter. Both breeds are known to snore and have noisy breathing. Many drool too. 

Dog bandanas offer health benefits, such as keeping your dog cool or warm. They can also help calm stressed-out dogs. Plus, they make your dogs look super stylish. 

7. Lifespan

French bulldogs live longer with a life expectancy of up to 10 to 12 years. The English bulldog has a lifespan of 8 to 10 years. The average lifespan of a canine is 10 to 13 years.

Despite having a longer lifespan than the English bulldog, a Frenchie can face more health problems. A thorough physical exam on a French bulldog should be done twice a year to prevent health problems like hemivertebrae hip dysplasia and allergies.

8. Cost

The average cost of an English bulldog in the U.S. is between $1,500 and $4,500, while their French counterparts are between $1,500 and $3,000. The price range increases if you opt for one with a rare coat color or if they come from a champion bloodline.

People Also Ask: FAQs About French Bulldog vs. English Bulldog Comparison

Are French Bulldogs healthier than English?

The French bulldogs may be considered the healthiest of the bulldog breeds, but it doesn’t mean they won’t be susceptible to a list of health problems. And sadly, because they are so popular, many people breed them without proper genetic health testing.

Which type of Bulldog is best?

All bulldogs are affectionate dogs; the best type depends on preference. English bulldogs are generally peaceful and dignified. French bulldogs are affectionate and adaptable.  The American bulldog is known for being great with children. 

The old English Bulldog is confident and alert. The Dogue de Bordeaux (ancient French breed) is balanced and self-assured.

Is an English or French Bulldog more expensive?

An English bulldog puppy is likely more expensive as the price ranges between $1,500 and $3,000 compared to the French bulldog, with a $1,500 to $4,500 price range.

Final Verdict: Which Breed Is Right for You?

Smiling french bulldog

Adult French bulldog

French and English bulldogs are adorable breeds. They are a blast to be around with their lovable, chill, goofy, and sometimes lazy nature.

Any dog lover planning to bring home one of them can ensure they will be an amiable companion for life. Their sweet faces and their lovable dispositions will keep you smiling.

Choose a French bulldog if you prefer an adaptable, playful, alert, and affectionate dog with steady temperaments. On the other hand, set your heart on an English bulldog if you love a peaceful, dignified, and courageous bulldog.

Whichever pup you prefer, both are fun-loving, loyal, and affectionate companions.

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